New Features in HTML5
In this article, we will see some new features in HTML5. Before we look at the feature, let us know some history.
History of HTML5
- HTML is designed by Time Berners Lee in 1991.
- HTML is maintained by W3C ( World Wide Web Consortium).
From 1991 to 1999 many HTML specifications were released by W3C from HTML 1 to HTML 4
In 2004 WHATWG (WAb Hypertext Application Technology Working Group) group of experts started observation on “how web designers or developers are developing websites”.
Features of HTML5
HTML 5 observed a pattern of using tags, attributes, styles, class values, id values, etc.
Based on the observations, In 2008 WHATWG released the first public working draft. This specification defines new features,
new tags, removed tags, and deprecated tags/attributes in the fifth version of HTML.
In modern HTML everything should be syntactically and semantically meaningful to the users and user agents.
Some new HTML5 tags
In HTML, for creating every section we need to create <div>. We need to use a div tag to create a header, create a navigation section, create the main content section and create a footer. So, we know that the <div> tag is a generic container tag and it is used to create sections in web pages in HTML. But HTML5 has separate tags for creating a header, section, and footer. Some important and new HTML5 tags are:
<header>, <nav>, <section>, <article>, <aside>, <footer>, <figcaption>, <figure>
<progress>, <canvas>, <audio>, <source>, <track>, <video>, and <hgroup>
Some deprecated tags:
<b><i><u><s><big><font><applet> <center> <frameset> <frame><noframes>
Note: HTML 5 is the latest version or latest specification of HTML. In 2014 HTML 5 is released as a stable W3C recommendation.HTML5 emphasizes creating web pages and web applications, which are syntactically and semantically consistent, and meaningful to users( Web designers & developers) as well as user agents (web browsers)