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Follow these 5 Steps to Become a Java Full-stack Developer

What is a full stack Java Developer

Full-stack is a buzzword in today’s web technology world, and many people are very interested in becoming full-stack developers. So, in this article, we will see in detail what is a Java full-stack developer, what skills you need to know to become a Java full-stack developer, and how to become a Java full-stack developer.

What is Java full-stack developer?

A full-stack Java developer is a professional with a broad range of skills and expertise in Java development, capable of working on three layers front-end, back-end, and Database. And also he can able to handle the AWS cloud environment.

Front-end technologies include creating visually appealing and interactive user interfaces using HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and JavaScript libraries such as AngularJS or React JS. Back-end technologies include handling the server-side logic, HTTP requests, generating dynamic content, and managing session data of a software application by using Java Servlets, JavaServer Pages (JSP), JavaServer Faces (JSF), etc. And Java developers also know about Database Management Systems (DBMS) to integrate with databases and web services. So you need to know the languages ​​and frameworks in these three fields to become a Java full-stack developer.

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Which is better Java full stack or Python full stack?

Many of us have this question because both are high-demand languages. For me using Java for full-stack development is correct. By using Java for full-stack development, you have a 98% chance of getting a job easily because Java is widely used in finance, healthcare, e-commerce, and many other industries. So by learning Java, you position yourself for opportunities in these fields. Java has a broad ecosystem of libraries, frameworks, and tools that enable full-stack development. The Java frameworks like Spring, Hibernate, and JavaServer Faces (JSF) provide you with comprehensive documentation, community support, and mature development practices. Java has strong back-end development support and it offers robust server-side technologies such as Java Servlets, JavaServer Pages (JSP), and Java Persistence API (JPA). So if you are interested in building scalable and back-end systems then learn Java because it gives you a solid foundation.

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Even though Python also has some advantages such as simplicity, ease of use, and extensive libraries for tasks like data analysis, and machine learning, when it comes to full-stack development, I think using Java is better.

Step-by-Step Guide to Become a Java full-stack developer

By following the below steps to become a Java developer:

1. Learning path

At this point, I will tell you what the skills and technologies required for a Java full-stack developer

become java developer

Fundamentals of Java

You need to be strong in Java which is used o do some performance in the backend. If you are a beginner, there are many online tutorials, courses, and books available to learn, apart from these you can learn many concepts by watching YouTube videos. You’ll practice Java concepts like object-oriented programming, data structures, and algorithms. You must be strong in basic concepts like classes, methods, variables, Data Types, Control Flow, etc. You can do competitive programming and develop your skills, so we can easily develop our problem-solving skills by solving lots of problems on competitive programming websites like geekforgeeks, CodeChef, hackerrank, etc.

Front-End Technologies

You need to learn and understand how to design user interfaces, structure web pages, and add interactivity by using HTML, CSS, and JS languages. At the same time, you need to know any one of the front-end frameworks such as jQuery or AngularJS to become a full-stack Java developer. By using front-end frameworks, you can create a dynamic web application.

Things to learn:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • AngularJS or ReactJS framework

Back-End Technologies

We will use Java language only in the backend, so you need to know some Java Edition like Java Standard Edition (SE) or Java Enterprise Edition (EE). Then you must learn anyone one Java framework that is spring Boot or Spring MVC, which simplifies back-end development and database integration. Also, you should know one ORM(Object Relational Mapping) tool that is nothing but Hibernate or JPA. After that, you should learn Microservice architecture. Nowadays maximum companies are following their projects using micro service architecture. And also you need to know about web services like Soap or Rest.

Things to learn:

  • Java
  • Spring boot or Spring MVC
  • Microservice Architecture
  • Soap or Rest
  • Hibernate or JPA.
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A full-stack Java developer should be familiar with database management systems (DBMS). It is a commonly used database in Java development including MySQL, Oracle, or PostgreSQL. And you should know one NoSQL database like MongoDB.

Things to learn:

  • MySQL or Oracle or PostgreSQL.
  • MongoDB.

Additional Skills

A Java developer should have a wide range of skills that complement their technical knowledge. These skills include:

  • Version Control: Proficiency in version control systems like Git is essential for collaboration and tracking code changes.
  • Testing and Debugging: Full-stack Java developers should be skilled in writing unit tests, conducting integration tests, and debugging code to ensure the quality and stability of the application.
  • Deployment and Infrastructure: Knowledge of deploying applications on servers, configuring web servers like Apache Tomcat, and understanding cloud platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS).

Things to learn:

  • Github
  • AWS

2. Full-Stack Integration

After learning all the languages, frameworks, database languages, etc. that I mentioned in Step 1, integrate your front-end, back-end, and database skills to build full-stack applications. Then learn how to combine the codes written in the front and backend, store the input given by users in the database, handle data transfers, and Implement functionality at different layers of the application.

3. Build Projects

Based on what you have learned, create your own full-stack application using Java and deploy it. Don’t go for big projects at starting, do a small project first and if you do it successfully then you can go for big projects. Work on diverse projects that cover various aspects of full-stack development, such as user authentication, data manipulation, and integration with third-party APIs.

4. Stay Updated

Something new is always coming in the web development field, So stay abreast of the latest trends, frameworks, and best practices. Follow industry blogs, join developer communities, and attend conferences or meetups. Continuously expand your knowledge and enhance your skill set in Java language and do competitive programming consistently.

5. Become a Java Full-stack Developer

Start applying for Java full-stack developer roles and attend interviews and get your career job. Be open to entry-level positions or internships to gain practical experience. Even after securing a job, continue to enhance your skills and stay updated with the latest technologies. Embrace a mindset of continuous improvement and strive to become a better Java full-stack developer.


If you have knowledge and experience with dev app tools like web containers, docker, etc then it is added advantage for you to become a full-stack Java developer. So, I hope you guys this article will be very useful for you.

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