Level Up Your React Skills by Knowing What is a Hook

What is a Hook in React

Before you study hooks concept you must know some basic concepts in react like functional and class components, state, etc. So, in this article, we’ll see what is a Hook in React and what are the types.

What is the hook?

We can use react hooks to do all kinds of operations in function components without class components. The class component is called stateful and the function component is called stateless. So, the state is only available in the class components because we have extended the component class from react. If we create react app without a class component we cannot manage the state but if we use react hooks we can manage the state. It enables the reuse of logic between components, making it easier to manage complex states and side effects within a functional programming paradigm. The hook feature was introduced in Hooks in version 16.8.

Types of hooks?

There are several types of hooks available in React and each hook has its own usage. Some basic hooks are:

  • useState Hook – To add state to functional components.
  • useEffect Hook – To handle side effects in functional components.
  • useContext Hook – To access context values in functional components.
  • useReducer Hook – To manage complex state transitions
  • useCallback Hook – To optimize performance by memoizing functions.
  • useMemo Hook – To optimize performance by memoizing computed values.
  • useRef Hook – To access mutable values that persist across renders.

Each Hook serves a specific purpose and allows you to enhance the functionality and reusability of your functional components.

General Syntax of Hooks:

The syntax for different hooks may vary slightly depending on their purpose, but the general pattern remains the same. Here is the syntax breakdown:

  1. First, you need to import what hooks you are going to use in your React file.
  2. Declare a functional component where you want to use the Hooks.
  3. Inside the function, you have to call the Hook function to declare the state or other Hooks and assign the returned values to variables.
  4. Use the declared state or other Hooks within the component logic as needed.
  5. Finally, you can return the JSX or the desired component structure from the functional component.
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function MyComponent() {
  // Declare state or other Hooks
  const [state, setState] = useState(initialValue);

  // Define other variables or functions

  // Use the state or other Hooks within the component

  // Return JSX or component structure
  return (
      {/* JSX content */}

Example of useState Hook

We can add the added state to functional components by using useState hook. It takes an initial value and returns an array with two elements: the current state value and a function to update that value. In the below example, will create if the user clicks the button, the value of 0 is incremented by 1 by using useState hook.


import React, { useState } from 'react';

function Counter() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  return (
      <p>You clicked {count} times</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
  1. In this example, we have imported the useState from ‘react’ libraries.
  2. Then create the new component called Counter().
  3. Within the component, we have declared a state variable called count and a function called setCount to update the value of count by using useState a hook. And we set the initial value of count to 0.
  4. The return() the method contains JSX code, the <p> element displays the value of the count state variable using string interpolation ({count}).
  5. Finally, we create the button and set the onClick attribute to the inline arrow function that calls the setCount function with the updated value of count + 1

So,if users clicked the button, the count state variable will be incremented by 1, and the component will re-render with the updated value.

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Benefits of using hooks

Using hooks in React can improve your code structure, reusability, and state management.


Hooks enable you to encapsulate and reuse stateful logic across different components. Custom hooks allow you to extract shared functionality into reusable functions that can be used by multiple components.

import React, { useState } from 'react';

const useToggle = (initialValue) => {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);

  const toggle = () => {

  return [value, toggle];

const MyComponent = () => {
  const [isOn, toggleIsOn] = useToggle(false);

  return (
      <p>Toggle: {isOn ? 'On' : 'Off'}</p>
      <button onClick={toggleIsOn}>Toggle</button>

In this example, the code demonstrates reusability through the custom hook useToggle. By extracting the toggle logic into a separate function, it can be reused in multiple components. The useToggle hook encapsulates the state and functionality related to toggling a value.

Improve state management

We can use the useState hook to define and update state variables easily, while the useEffect hook enables you to perform side effects, for example:

const MyComponent = () => {
  const [data, setData] = useState(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    // Fetch data from an API
      .then(response => response.json())
      .then(data => setData(data))
      .catch(error => console.error(error));
  }, []);

  return (
      {data ? (
          {data.map(item => (
            <li key={item.id}>{item.name}</li>
      ) : (

In this example code, by managing the state with useState, the component can keep track of the fetched data and trigger re-rendering when the state changes. This allows the component to display the fetched data (data.map) when it becomes available, or show a “Loading...” message (<p>Loading...</p>) if the data is still being fetched.

I hope this article gives you an idea of what is a Hook in React

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